Cary, NC – In our last gardening column, we talked about bugs in your garden but neglected to discuss slugs and snails. So now, take a deep dive with us into the world of gastropoda.
Can They Hurt?
When planting your garden, you may think about what pests are attracted to what plants. But when it comes to slugs, there is not much they will not eat. With snails, they mostly focus on leaves (and snails will even eat other snails, particularly their shells). But still, this means you may not want either.
And slugs and snails come out at night and hide in dark, damp areas so they are harder to get rid off than bugs and birds and mice who may be easier to see.
Can They Help?
Now this question depends on what kind of a garden you are trying to cultivate. Some people go for a natural garden, where wildlife come and go and it is more about seeing flora and fauna intermingle than growing specific plants and flowers.
In that case, snails and slugs are very necessary. While they may eat your plants in that garden, they are also prey for many other animals you might want to see. If you want hedgehogs and birds and such to stop by your little natural garden, you need to have these slimy creatures present.
How to Get Rid of Them
Preventing snails and slugs from getting into your garden is going to be tough, particularly if you do not want to use pesticides. The best thing to do first is to look for any hidden spots all around your garden where these creatures may hide. This could be anything dark such as under a deck or porch, hiding in the dirt, fence posts, etc.
One trick is to lay out a sturdy piece of wood and prop it up about an inch off the ground. You will then find snails and slugs stuck to the underside and you can move them somewhere else or just destroy them if you are so inclined.
Make sure there is not a lot of moisture and shelter around your garden too and you and lure them away with bait. Sprinkle iron phosphate around, as this is not poisonous to your pets or birds out in nature. Some people have also had success with filling a pan up with beer, which attracts snails and slugs to then drown in it.
You can also try drawing a barrier around your garden with broken egg shells, diatomaceous earth or even Vaseline, as these will deter the pests. And if you really want to go all out, introduce garter snakes to your garden, as they love to snack on snails and slugs. Or there is the decollate snail, which will eat other snails but not harm your garden.
Hopefully this will get you on the path to a protected garden. Or if you want a natural garden, you now know what a boon snails and slugs can be.